H1 Blender level guide - Additional info

File List

File Link Description
Multiple Skies Example Blend A blend file showcasing how to use multiple skies in a level.
Weather Portals Example Blend A blend file showcasing how to use the special +weatherpoly material in a level.

Multiple skies

It's possible to use multiple skies in your level by adding a digit to the end of your +sky material. If we wanted three skies in our level for example we would have the following:

+sky0
+sky1
+sky2

It's important that the digit at the end of the material starts at zero. The digit will be used as an index by the cluster to get a sky tag reference from the scenario skies tag block. You'll also have to make sure that a cluster does not use more than one sky or you will get an error on import.

If you were not aware, a cluster is a section of a level divided by a portal. In the case of the provided blend file above there are 7 clusters. If a map has no portals then there is one cluster. Be sure to also prevent multiple skies from being able to be seen by the player at once, or else the player will see a sudden transition between them when moving between clusters. Tool will output a warning if a sky can see another sky.

Avoid using trailing digits on non-sky material names, or you'll get tool warnings about duplicate shaders, and avoid numbers in shader tag names. Use letters instead if you need to make variants.

Weather polyhedra

Let's say you wanted to have weather on the tutorial map. You may notice that either your weather effects go through the walls of your structure or that it instantly disappears the moment you enter the hallway. This can be quite jarring, so naturally there is a solution for this that mappers can implement.

The special +weatherpoly material can be assigned to convex polyhedron geometry to create a volume that hides any weather effects within the volume. You can see an example of this in blend file provided above.

You can compare the videos below to see the difference.

Here's what the hallway looks like without a weatherpoly volume.

Here's what the hallway looks like with a weatherpoly volume.

The weather poly geometry is included in the BSP tag when you compile your JMS. There can be a max of 8 on screen at any given time. Any weather polys that go over this limit will have no effect. Sapien will print a message in the console if you hit this limit.

Markers

You can use markers to snap objects to a specific location in a level. You can create a marker object by adding a mesh object to your scene and having the first character of the name use a "#" symbol.

Once the level is compiled you can toggle the "Snap to markers" checkbox in the Tool window.

Once the option is enabled all markers in the BSP will be rendered on screen. Spawning an object and moving it near the marker should snap the object's center of origin to the position of the marker. This can make it much easier to get exact positions for device_machines and scenery.

Multiple BSPs

It is common for singleplayer maps to have multiple BSPs. This helps manage game resources and avoid BSP limits for long missions. To accomplish this, place multiple JMS files in the same models folder for the level. Each JMS will be compiled into it's own unique BSP tag for your scenario to use. Do not attempt to use multiple BSPs in an MP scenario unless you are trying to achieve a scripted day/night setting and each BSP is geometrically identical.

Acknowledgements

Thanks to the following individuals for their research or contributions to this topic:

  • General_101 (Writing this guide)